How do you use felling wedges?
How many felling wedges do I need?
The larger wedge you use for falling trees the better the lift it has. If your trees are in the 18" range, a 7 1/2" wedge should be sufficient, provided you don't use a tack hammer to drive them, but I'd carry at least 4. It's better to have them and not need them, than to need them and not have them.
Can you use a splitting wedge as a felling wedge?
At no time should you substitute a splitting wedge for either bucking or felling wedge. Any contact between the chainsaw and the hardened wedge damages the chain and produces reactionary forces that increase the risk of injury for you and the bystanders.
Plastic wedges are good for felling operations. They do not split easily, and their textured surfaces provide additional holding power in the wood, helping to prevent the wedges from backing out when they are being driven. Plastic wedges are manufactured in a variety of sizes.
When felling remember to use wedges that will give enough lift to tip the tree. But do not bottom out against the hinge of the tree you are cutting. The bigger the tree the bigger the wedge you can use.
For the smallest trees, you do not normally need the felling tools. Hand force is enough, possibly with a long pole. The felling wedge provides greater felling force than the different types of breaking bar. In extreme cases, you can use a rope and winch, which is the safest and most powerful way to fell a tree.
First, I cut the notch as normal, with the notch face pointing in the desired direction of tree fall. Then I start the felling cut and stop when there is just enough room in the back cut to insert a wedge without it touching my chain. I position the wedge so that it points in the direction I want the tree to fall.
These little blunders add up to a big disaster. So, knowing the details about types of tree felling cuts is super important. There are basically 3 types of cuts that result in the Open-faced, the Conventional, and the Humbolt notch.
Essentially, tree felling is the action of cutting down a tree to prevent the spread of disease and improve safety in the area.
Four principal types of felling are distinguished in forestry: main-use, maintenance, combination, and improvement. The felling of mature trees is called main-use felling. In selective felling some trees are cut down, while others are left standing.
Felling trees is a task best suited for a special axe; the felling axe. With a sharp angle and high-quality steel, these tools are designed specifically for cutting down trees. The length of the handle, the weight of the head, and angle of the blade all play a role in just how deep it cuts.
If you're looking to split logs or big rounds of wood, splitting wedges are just as important as a good axe or maul. They make the splitting process easier and safer, and allow you to do more with what you have – namely, your own physical strength and your main splitting tool (an axe, maul, or even sledgehammer).
Don't forget the standard bow saw. It's an inexpensive tool that gets the job done and can take down a tree up to six inches in diameter in no time. You'll find plenty of uses for it when gardening season comes around.
Roughneck Wood Grenade® Splitting Wedge has a diamond shaped cross section and provides splitting of the log in 4 directions. Spherical striking face provides a centred and efficient blow. The notches prevent pop out from the log being split. It has a sharp point for easy start.
The process of cutting a tree into usable lengths is called bucking. Bucking often occurs as a tree is being limbed, such as when the limbs of the crown are to be used as firewood. When cutting firewood, make sure you know the needed length of wood before you leave home.
Stand facing the tree so that where it will fall is on your right, and your escape routes are on your left. On the side of the tree facing the direction that the tree will fall, slice down into the trunk at a roughly 70-degree angle.
The Humboldt notch is another common notch when cutting trees. In this notch, the top cut is made horizontally, while the base goes in at an upward point. In this type of notch, the kickback over the stump may be bigger, so it is not perfect for inclining trees.