What Does Specific Gravity Of Urine Measure

What does specific gravity of urine indicate?

A urine specific gravity test compares the density of urine to the density of water. This quick test can help determine how well your kidneys are diluting your urine. Urine that's too concentrated could mean that your kidneys aren't functioning properly or that you aren't drinking enough water.

What does it mean when your urine specific gravity is low?

Low specific gravity (SG) (1.001-1.003) may indicate the presence of diabetes insipidus, a disease caused by impaired functioning of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Low SG also can occur in patients with glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, and other renal abnormalities.

What does specific gravity tell us?

The specific gravity is the ratio between the density of an object, and a reference substance. The specific gravity can tell us, based on its value, if the object will sink or float in our reference substance.

What are the signs that something is wrong with your kidneys?

Signs of Kidney Disease

  • You're more tired, have less energy or are having trouble concentrating.
  • You're having trouble sleeping.
  • You have dry and itchy skin.
  • You feel the need to urinate more often.
  • You see blood in your urine.
  • Your urine is foamy.
  • You're experiencing persistent puffiness around your eyes.
  • What does a urine specific gravity of less than 1.005 mean?

    Low specific gravity (<1.005) is characteristic of diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, acute tubular necrosis, or pyelonephritis. Fixed specific gravity, in which values remain 1.010 regardless of fluid intake, occurs in chronic glomerulonephritis with severe renal damage.

    What causes high specific gravity in urine?

    Abnormal: A very high specific gravity means very concentrated urine, which may be caused by not drinking enough fluid, loss of too much fluid (excessive vomiting, sweating, or diarrhea), or substances (such as sugar or protein) in the urine.

    What is concentrated urine?

    More concentrated urine means that there are more solutes and less water in the sample. Solutes are dissolved particles, such as sugars, salts, and proteins. Normal values may vary based on the laboratory used.

    What does a pH of 5 in urine mean?

    According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the average value for urine pH is 6.0, but it can range from 4.5 to 8.0. Urine under 5.0 is acidic, and urine higher than 8.0 is alkaline, or basic.

    Can drinking too much water cause low specific gravity?

    Conditions that cause low specific gravity include: diabetes insipidus. kidney failure. drinking too much fluid due to increased thirst.

    What should your creatinine level be?

    The kidneys are responsible for keeping the level of creatinine in the blood within a normal range. The typical reference range for serum creatinine is 60 to 110 micromoles per liter (μmol/L) (0.7 to 1.2 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)) for men and 45 to 90 μmol/L (0.5 to 1.0 mg/dL) for women.

    What is normal pH of urine?

    Normal Results

    The normal values range from pH 4.6 to 8.0. The examples above are common measurements for results of these tests. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples.

    What is WBC in urine test?

    White blood cells (WBCs)

    An increased number of WBCs seen in the urine under a microscope and/or positive test for leukocyte esterase may indicate an infection or inflammation somewhere in the urinary tract.

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