How do you use Gleason?
How do you use Hu Friedy Sidekick?
How do you sharp scaler?
The scores are added together to come up with an overall score between 6 and 10. Gleason scores of 5 or lower are not used. The lowest Gleason score is 6, which is a low-grade cancer. A Gleason score of 7 is a medium-grade cancer, and a score of 8, 9, or 10 is a high-grade cancer.
0 to 2.5 ng/mL is considered safe. 2.6 to 4 ng/mL is safe in most men but talk with your doctor about other risk factors. 4.0 to 10.0 ng/mL is suspicious and might suggest the possibility of prostate cancer.
Sharpness can be checked by looking at the cutting edge of the instrument under a good light source, to see if there is any light reflected back. The instrument is deemed to be sharp when the cutting edge reflects no light. An acrylic test stick can also be used to test sharpness.
A periodontal hand instrument used for root debridement and the removal of subgingival calculus.
Background: Optimal therapy for Gleason score 7 (GS7) prostate cancer (PC) remains to be defined, with consensus guidelines identifying both prostatectomy (RP) and radiation therapy (RT) as acceptable.
Gleason score 7 was the most common grade, accounting for 51% of patients (Table 3). The risk of bone metastasis increased considerably with an increase of the Gleason score. Of 117 patients with Gleason scores of 6 or less, only two (1.7%) patients had the metastasis.
The mean (range) age of the men was 69.5 (59.6-76.2) years and the median (interquartile range) follow-up was 2.6 (0.8-5.0) years; the mean American Society of Anesthesiologists score was 1.8. The 6-year cancer-specific survival (nine patients at risk) was 100%, which sharply contrasted with the 68% overall survival.
For men aged 70 to 79, they suggested a normal serum PSA reference range of 0.0–6.5 ng/mL (0.0–6.5 μg/L).
2.5-3.5: Normal for a man 50-60 yrs. 3.5-4.5: Normal for a man 60-70 yrs. 4.5-5.5: Normal for a man 70-80 yrs.
PSA levels between 4 and 10 ng/ml indicate a risk of prostate cancer higher than normal. When the PSA level is above 10 ng/ml, risk of prostate cancer is much higher. An elevated PSA does not always indicate cancer, nor does normal PSA means that you do not have cancer (a false negative result).
Waiting until you discover the scaler is too dull will eat into your clinical time, or worse, leave burnished calculus behind on your patients' root surfaces. Gradually sharpening dental instruments as they need it will prevent you from having to sharpen all of them at once. Pick a setup or two each week.
The cutting edge is first pulled gently in toward the stick and then an attempt is made to pull the instrument up the stick. If the cutting edge bites into the acrylic, the instrument is sharp. If the instrument does not bite in but slides along the acrylic, the instrument is dull.
The disc end of the Nevi 1 scaler can be used to remove heavy lingual deposits in the anterior areas using a pull stroke. This is similar to the hoe, but it has a curved blade. The other end is a sickle type scaler and is good for use on the lingual surface.
The Montana Jack® has a thin, durable sickle blade that features a perfect contra-angle for the most versatile adaptation of any sickle scaler. PDT instruments are ideally weighted, featuring the most ergonomic handle with knurling to the instrument shank to provide increased comfort with less hand fatigue and pinch.
The Importance of Sharpening Your Dental Instruments
Many hand instruments, including scalers, curettes, luxating type elevators and elevators require routine sharpening. Over time small particles of metal are worn off of the tip of the instrument, causing the cutting edge to become rounded and dull.