How do you do a shirring stitch?
How much extra fabric do you need for shirring?
Shirring requires extra fabric, this can depend on the fabric and how thick the shirring itself is. As a rough estimate, you want to allow an extra 25cm per measurement. This will allow the item to shrink and create the shirred effect without losing width.
How do you make elastic shirring?
Shirring is created by using elastic thread in the bobbin and all-purpose thread in the needle, while sewing rows of stitches 3/8″ – 1/2″ apart with 3-4mm stitch length. The elastic thread will evenly gather the fabric while creating stretch and texture.
Make sure that your bobbin is not too full of the elastic thread. Try re-threading your whole machine. Make sure your elastic thread isn't too tight or too loose on the bobbin. Make sure you didn't mess with the tension (or any other settings) of your machine while adjusting your stitch length.
You CAN cut shirring, you simply need to run a vertical line of straight stitching (with a short stitch length) across all your lines of shirring to lock the elastic into place. Do this seam line PRIOR to trimming off the excess.
The thin elastic thread on the backside of the fabric creates the shirring, so if the fabric is too thick, the elastic will be too weak to gather it. Great fabrics to shirr include voile, double gauze, lawn, and rayon challis.
I personally prefer wearing and sewing with knits, so these directions are for knit fabric, but you could easily use Voile, a Rayon blend, or quilting cotton. For best results, the flowy-er the better. My fabric was some sort of polyester spandex blend. Silky feeling, stretchy and flowy.
Shirring is a magical technique that shrinks a piece of fabric and transforms it into something stretchy. It's great for skirt waistbands, shirt hems and bodices. And all it takes is sewing a few rows of stitches with elastic thread.
Shirring is a gathering technique that can be done by hand sewing. Although the shirring technique can be done quickly with a sewing machine, a fine hand stitch will also accomplish the desired results.
While shirring can be done through two layers of fabric, we will be shirring the main and lining fabric separately for this tutorial. This will allow us to have a beautiful finish on both the outside and inside of the dress. Continue stitching more rows below the first one to give the 'shirred' effect.
Shirring is gathering fabric to decorate garment sections like the yoke, sleeves, and bodice; while smocking is a technique where fabric is gathered as a decorative embroidery design. Shirring results in round tucks that are evenly spaced, while smocking creates pleats without a stretch.
That will give you a baseline for whether or not your machine prefers to be set higher or lower. Personally, I've found my shirring works best when I set the stitch length to about "5", which is slightly above the mid-length, and increase my top tension a little bit, to about "7". (My normal settings are "4" and "5".)
Elastic thread is thicker and stretchier than regular thread. So it's useful when you're working with stretchy fabrics. You typically use elastic thread in your sewing machine in combination with regular thread. It helps to create clothing that gives a little, such as a top with shirring.
You just sew one row of shirring at a time, all the way around the bottom of the shirt. I started and stopped each row along one of the side seams of the shirt. I also back-stitched after finishing one row, then lifted up the needle and jumped to the next row (about a 1/4 inch apart) without cutting threads.