How many years does it take for an avocado tree to produce fruit?
If you have purchased and planted a tree, you can probably expect to see your first fruit three to four years after planting. If you are growing from a seed, it can take anywhere from five to 13 years before the tree is mature enough to set fruit.
Can you grow avocados at home?
Avocado growing indoors can start with a pit but is most successful with a healthy grafted dwarf tree. Cultivated avocados are grown from compatible rootstock. A plant produced from a seed is less likely to produce fruit, but it will make a lovely tree.
Can you grow avocados outside in the UK?
You might occasionally see an avocado tree outside in the UK – in a frost-free, sheltered, microclimate somewhere sunny in the south – but it is rare that even these trees will produce good fruit. It is possible to grow avocado trees in Britain but it is usually for the foliage, not the fruit, as a houseplant.
For the best yields of fruit, two avocado trees are required. Avocado tree cultivars produce either type A flowers or type B flowers. Both flower types produce and are receptive to pollen at different times of day, and the best pollination and fruit set occur when type A and B avocado cultivars grow together.
Avocados are not easy trees to grow for fruit in the vast majority of the country, but they are fun to have as houseplants when you start them from seed. It's a great science experiment for the kids as well as a conversation starter.
Avocado Growing Conditions
Avocado plants need a lot of heat and humidity to grow to their full potential and product a fruit crop. The avocado originated in South America which has tropical and sub tropical climates. They can also be grown in European countries with a mediterranean climate.
Pits from store-bought avocados do germinate, so you can grow your own avocado tree from just one little pit. You can also start an avocado seed by planting it directly in potting mix, with the top one-third of the seed above the soil, and keeping the soil moist until it sprouts.
Yep, that also means it takes an avocado 12-18 months to grow and become ready to eat. The avocados you see at the grocery store or farmers' market took 12-18 months to grow and mature. It's no wonder they're so delicious – they're similar to a nice, maturing wine or tasty aged steak.
WAIT FOR YOUR AVOCADO SEED TO SPROUT
The crack will extend all the way to the bottom of the avocado pit, and through the crack at the bottom, a tiny taproot will begin to emerge. The taproot will grow longer and longer (and may branch), and eventually a small sprout will peek through the top of the avocado pit.
These trees cost as little as $60 but usually much more. From any individual retail outlet, the price of a fifteen-gallon avocado tree tends to be three or four times as much as that of a five-gallon. For example, in the photos of price tags above, a five-gallon costs $36 whereas a fifteen-gallon costs $130.
How hot is too hot for avocado trees? Protect them when over 75 degrees? Fortunately, avocado trees can thrive in heat well above 75 degrees as long as they're watered sufficiently.
Pollination: While avocado trees self-fertilize and produce fruit, yields should increase if both a Type A avocado tree and a Type B avocado tree are planted in order to increase the chances for successful pollination. The avocado tree has both functional male and female organs.
You can grow an avocado tree outdoors in parts of California, Florida and Hawaii in the United States.
CLIMATE. Although there are different types of avocado trees, they generally need moderate temperatures to grow well—somewhere between 60° F to 85° F. Young trees do best when planted in the spring months.
Choose a location where there is plenty of sun exposure and well-drained soil when planting avocado trees. A location on the southern side of the home or in a dip or valley will ensure protection from winds.
Mexico, the U.S. and the Dominican Republic were the major avocado consuming countries. The countries with the highest consumption were Mexico (17%), the U.S. (16%), the Dominican Republic (10%), Indonesia (5%), Colombia (5%), Peru (4%), Brazil (3%), China (3%), Kenya (3%) and Rwanda (3%).
Mexico harvested some 2.3 million tons of avocados in 2019, making that country the top producer of avocados worldwide.
Avocados won't tolerate severe cold, so they usually need to be grown as houseplants or in a greenhouse in cool climates. If you have a sheltered garden, in a mild area, you could try growing your avocado plant outside. Or at least move it outdoors for the summer months.
Spain— In southern Europe, the only country with significant production is Spain, with approximately 7 million pounds annually, including the production in the Canary Islands.
Sun and shade
Hass avocado trees thrive in bright, direct, unfiltered sunlight. They need at least six hours of sunlight per day, but they can tolerate slight shade. The more light hitting the leaves, the better.
Odds are, your avocado plant is not going to produce fruit, or, if it does, it will take many years and may not produce good fruit. Growing an avocado from seed is the slowest and least reliable way to get true (same as the parent) fruit. But, starting a plant from the seed/pit is an easy way to grow a free houseplant.
The Hass Avocado Tree begins to be mature in April and will stay mature on the tree for up to 8 months, meaning you can pick fruit almost all year round, as you need it – the tree is a natural storage room!
Different avocado cultivars must be harvested at different times of the year. Bacon is ready November through March. Fuerte is ready November through June, and Hass is ready April through October. Pinkerton is usually ready in the winter and early spring (December through April).
From roughly March – May the avocado trees produce these flowers. It's really neat to see. But very few flowers will actually produce fruit because less than 1 percent will actually be pollinated.
With a small number of cuts done every year, and possibly some pinches, you can keep an avocado tree down to 15 feet (my Hass), 12 feet (my Reed), even 10 feet. And if the pruning cuts are done at the right place and in the right time, our trees will still make quite a lot of fruit for their small size.